author: Michael,Whitney

version: 1

orig. date: Aug 16,2008

Ok. Here is an attempt to inject my understanding within the Romans 5passage.

Rom 5:12Wherefore, (having reviewed the reconciliation available through Christ) we can see this (the abbreviated view of the history of sin and grace)...
as by one man sin entered into the world, and death entered because of sin (affecting man spiritually in separation from God as well as physical death resulting from acts of sin);
(so we have the existence of sin that was of no benefit)

and from this process death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Hence we see a connection of Adam, sin and death

Rom 5:13Take note of this concept so you will understand the whole argument:
For this time before Moses until the law of Moses sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed --to people so as to declare them guilty -- when there is no law.

Rom 5:14Nevertheless (disregarding the aforementioned reconciliation and law ) death reigned (spiritual death was the common destiny of man) from Adam to Moses(Moses is the one that brought the Law to Israel), even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression (this subsequent sin would be sin without Law or guilt), who (Adam) is the figure of him that was to come.( Adam wasn't a type as pertains to sin, but only as a single man who affected the course of mankind after his acts)

Note: Verse 14 shows that the discussion about the addition of the Law is with respect to Israel. There was no Law, in this discussion, until Moses, so until the Law of Moses came, there was no sin imputed to those of Israel. And then it becomes apparent that the Gentiles are not similarly benefited by the introduction of the Law of Moses (The Gentiles were not the original recipients of God's promises).

Now compare Adam (with whom is the start of sin) against the opposing or restorative act of Jesus that brings grace
Rom 5:15But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. (alternately-- the gift doesn't have the same problems as the offense) For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

Rom 5:16And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift ... (again, grace to us was greater than the effect of the act of Adam)
for the judgment was by one to condemnation (the problems magnified to all men), but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. (the many problems were reduced and resolved through justification of Jesus' blood --His blood met the need for justice and removed the negative effects of sin, i.e. spiritual death)

Again look how Jesus' gift outweighs the problems caused by Adam
Rom 5:17For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.
(Note that righteousness is normally contrasted with sin -- and the idea of reigning in life implies that we should not be a slave of sin -- the argument is presented in the next chapter)

Now there is shown condemnation contrasted to justification
Rom 5:18Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.

Now a contrast is made between disobedience and obedience. Especially important is that this is the obedience of one man, Jesus, not obedience of each of us...
Rom 5:19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

Rom 5:20Moreover the law of Moses entered, that the offence might abound (This was the imputation of sin that started with Moses) . But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound
(this is to say that grace through Christ was more effective than sin through Adam):

The greatest contrast has now been established between sin/death and grace/life as follows:
Rom 5:21That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

This is the basis for the next verse Rom 6:1telling the Romans not to increase sin for the purpose of increasing grace.